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Connecticut criminal law attorney for probation violationsThe issue of mass incarceration has received a great deal of attention in recent years. However, probation is another aspect of the criminal justice system that affects even more people than incarceration, and advocates for criminal justice reform believe that it is used far too often and imposes unnecessary restrictions that affect people’s rights. Because of this, many are calling for changes to laws and policies that would increase protections for people who are involved in criminal cases and help them receive the treatment and rehabilitation they need.

Problems With Probation

The Bureau of Justice Statistics has reported that in 2018, 3.54 million people in the United States were serving a sentence of probation, while 1.6 million people were incarcerated in jails and prisons. This illustrates how often sentences of probation are issued in criminal cases. In fact, probation is often the default sentence imposed when defendants make plea bargains with prosecutors and agree to plead guilty in order to receive lesser charges.

While probation is often seen as an alternative to prison that allows a defendant to receive rehabilitation while remaining integrated into the community, it can impose a number of restrictions that affect people’s rights. Those on probation are subject to supervision, monitoring, and other forms of control, and they are often required to follow multiple types of arbitrary conditions that are unrelated to their criminal charges. 

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parole, Hartford criminal defense attorneyLast week, one of America’s most famous inmates captured the attention of the nation once again—just as he had 40-plus years ago on the football field and 22 years ago in arguably the most publicized criminal trial in our country’s history. This time, O.J. Simpson was up for parole after serving nine years in prison for armed robbery in 2007. The hearing was televised, and millions watched as the four-person parole board announced that Simpson will be released on parole later this year. For many, it may seem surreal that former football star will be going free, but it is important to understand that parole is not the same thing as full freedom.

What Is Parole?

Parole is often confused with probation, and while the two are similar in some ways, they are very different things. Probation is typically used as an alternative to a prison sentence for relatively minor offenses. Some offenders may also receive probation in addition to a short period of incarceration. Individuals on probation serve their sentences while living in the community and under the supervision of probation officers. The court often sets strict conditions of probation and if those conditions are violated, the offender risks being sent to jail.

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pretrial programs in Connecticut, Hartford criminal law attorneyConnecticut criminal law has a variety of different goals. In a narrow sense, it exists to punish offenders and to deter people from committing crimes. However, the law also has a more positive purpose; in fact, one of the most important goals of the criminal law system is rehabilitation. Yet, ordinary criminal law punishments like prison or fines are notoriously bad at preventing recidivism. In order to deal with this, the Connecticut legislature introduced a set pretrial diversion programs. These programs are available to some less serious offenders, who can complete the rehabilitative programs and see their charges dismissed.

There are a variety of pretrial diversion programs available in Connecticut, including Accelerated Rehabilitation (AR), the Pretrial Drug Education Program, the Connecticut Alcohol and Drug Abuse Commission Diversionary Program (CADAC), the Family Violence Education Program, and the Alcohol Education Program.

The Programs' Specifics

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